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 It has been said that Kansai is the birthplace of modern education in Japan. School education started far back in the year 828 AD when the monk Kukai built a private school in Kyoto, the Shugei Shuchi-in, aiming to provide a forum for ordinary folk to study Buddhism and the teachings of Confucius. In 1724 during the Edo Period, along with the Confucian scholar Nakai Shuan, 5 citizens of Osaka and their teacher Miyake Sekian established the Kaitoku Do in Osaka. Later, the school was officially approved by the shogunate government, and it became known for its free academic methods and atmosphere. The school produced a number of well known scholars, such as Yamagata Banto, who was well versed in Western learning and known for his knowledge in the field of cosmology. After World War II, the school's library was transferred to Osaka University, and even today there are cultural lectures named after Kaitoku Do held for citizens of the city at the university.

 Also in the Edo Period, in 1838, the Dutch Medical Doctor Ogata Koan established the Tekijuku medical school, and over a period of 20 years, the school had more than 600 students. Tekijuku produced a number of students that later became the motive power of the Meiji Restoration, such as Murata Zoroku (Ohmura Masujiro), Hashimoto Sanai, and Fukuzawa Yukichi, contributing greatly to the formation of modern Japan.

International school

 The first national educational institution appeared in Osaka in 1869 with the formation of Seimikyoku, which specialized in chemistry. Later, the school was moved to Kyoto, where it became Kyoto University in 1897. Kyoto University became one of the two greatest authorities in academic world in Japan, along with the University of Tokyo, and a worldwide leader in scientific research. Also a national university, Osaka University is a general university with its roots in the Kaitoku Do and Tekijuku schools. Osaka University has many research laboratories and a large number of attached research facilities, where research is conducted in a variety of fields, such as microbiology, industrial science, protein related studies, zygosis, and social economics, etc.
 In Kansai, each prefecture has at least one national university, and there are many public and private universities and colleges established by the various local autonomous bodies and private organizations, and the total number of these schools, including both regular and junior colleges, accounts for 20% of the total number nationwide.
 High school education is supported by the efforts of both public and private schools, and in order to promote individuality in the students, there are schools specializing in various subjects, such as sports, theater, or entertainment, etc. in each locality.
 Furthermore, in order to assure that the children of foreigners living in Japan going to school in Japan can easily adjust when they return to the educational system of their home country, there is a demand for education in Japan similar that of the home country, and there are many such international schools and facilities in Kansai, where education is conducted in English and many other languages. Thus, in Kansai even foreign children are provided a safe, worry-free educational system.

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